In a statement on May 16, Huawei said that losing acce

ss to US suppliers “will do significant economic harm to the US companies” and affect “tens of thousands of US jobs”. In total, US firm

s sold an estimated $11 billion worth of components to Huawei last year, according to earlier media reports.

“I’m not able to tell you exactly what the costs will be; it differs from company to company,” said Allen.

“But clearly, from a corporate perspective, this Department

of Commerce action has created costs and has escalated the uncertainty quite a bit.”

Asked to comment on some voices in the US calling for the “decoupling” of the two countries, especially in the technology sect

or, Allen said both sides should pursue a playing field of “smart competition and engagement”, in which the

y play by a “common set of rules” that are mainly set by World Trade Organization obligations.

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The world’s second-largest economy maintained its fore

eign exchange reserves at $3.095 trillion at the end of April. The reserve amount was stable, altho

ugh it slightly retreated from $3.098 trillion at the end of March, according to the State Administration of Foreign Exchange.

Li Yang, director of the National Institution for Finance and Development of the Chinese Academy

of Social Sciences, said that China is unlikely to sacrifice foreign exchange reserves to de

fend its currency, even if depreciation pressure rises amid any escalation in trade tension.

In May, the offshore RMB exchange rate against the US dollar dropped more than 3 percen

t under market pressure as global investors worried about the escalation of trade friction.

Guo Shuqing, Party secretary of the People’s Bank of China, the central bank, said on Monday that higher US tariffs on Chin

a’s imports triggered financial market volatility, and this also affected the offshore RMB.

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Development of huge shale oil field goes full steam

This year, PetroChina’s Xinjiang Oilfield Company has been fully develop

ing the Jimsar shale oil field, which boasts 1 billion tons of shale oil reserves, Xinhua reported.

The company has mobilized 36 drilling rigs, started drilling on 47 wells and completed eight wells till now. The daily drille

d footage surpassed 2,000 meters and the total drilled footage reached 160,000 meters.

PetroChina has ramped up exploration efforts on Bohai Bay Basin, Songliao Basin, Ordo

s Basin and Junggar Basin in recent years and shale oil was listed as one of the four exploration goals. Dagang Oilfi

eld, Xinjiang Oilfield, Tuha Oilfield and Changqing Oilfield have been set as important demonstration zones.

Xinjiang Oilfield Company said it planned to mobilize 45 drilling rigs this year to finish drilling nearly 100 wells.

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Trade between the two countries “made a major breakthr

rough” and exceeded $100 billion in 2018, and the two permanent members of the United Na

tions Security Council have been coordinating closely on major international issues, Ruan said.

This year marks the 70th anniversary of the establishment of bilateral ties, which are said to have reached their best level in history.

Also, the attendance of the two countries’ leaders at each other’s intern

ational forums shows both sides’ support for an open global economy, Ruan added.

Addressing the plenary session of the Fourth Eastern Economic Foru

m in Vladivostok, Russia, in September, Xi called for regional members to actively alig

n their development strategies and work together for an open regional economy.

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Foreign investors’ access to onshore stock index futures

“Moreover, as foreign investors’ trading helps boost liquidity in the domestic market and makes the price changes mor

e consistent with international trends, domestic market participants can also better hedge against risks,” he said.

Experts also expect China to open up the stock index futures mark

et to foreign investors, as they have large exposure in t

he A-share market and are therefore in need of this risk management tool.

Foreign investors’ access to onshore stock index futures is an “infrastructure” for fin

ancial market opening-up, without which foreign investors’ passion for Chinese shares may be dampened, said Wa

ng Maobin, investment department chair at the University of International Business and Economics in Beijing.

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China is the world’s largest producer of rare earths, acco

counting for about 80 percent of global supply. However, the country’s rare-earth industry is faced with such pro

blems as rapidly decreasing inventory, inefficient production and environmental pollution.

Analysts also said that the low prices of China’s exports have failed to reflect the real value of the precious resource.

The division of labor of the global rare-earth industry should be coo

rdinated in accordance with the principle of opening-up and sharing, the NDRC said.

While the country prioritizes the domestic use of rare-earth meta

ls, it is willing to see its exports help drive the development of global industries, it said.

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RMB’s value determined by market forcesce forex rese

Beijing will not sacrifice forex reserves to defend its currency, analysts say

China would rather rely on market-oriented forces to determine the renminbi’s value than defend its currency by d

ipping into its $3 trillion foreign exchange reserves amid trade disagreements, analysts said.

The United States Treasury announced on Wednesday that it could not label China a

s a “currency manipulator” after Washington monitored the recent performance of the RMB.

No evidence was found to show Chinese monetary authority intervention in foreign exchange markets over the past sev

eral months, according to the US Treasury’s semiannual foreign-exchange report to Congress.

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Data show that over the past two years, about one-thir

ird of the college graduates chose to pursue a post-graduate degree instead of entering the job mark

et, and within six months of graduation more than 90 percent college graduates found employment.

Despite all this, there are still many structural employment problems. Take college graduate

s for example. Many college graduates seek a high-paying job and a majority of them prefer to work in the e

astern region, first-tier cities and large enterprises, which are wishes the employment market can hardly fulfill, esp

ecially because some college graduates don’t possess the skills to meet the market’s demands.

What should be a bigger concern, however, is the possible impact of the Si

no-US trade dispute on the job market. In 2009, the estimated unemployment rate among

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So far EU ministers have only agreed a modest mandat

 to discuss reductions in tariffs in industrial goods and to seek agreement on conformity assessments. EU Trade Commissioner Cecilia Malmstrom is opp

osed to any quota agreement on cars and has lambasted the national security excuse put forward by the White House.

The most prominent supporter of free trade is the center-right European People’s Party which lost sea

ts largely to right-wing parties opposed to free trade, and to the Greens which want tougher conditions attached to trade deals.

The center-left Socialists are also broadly in support of free trade but lo

st seats, while the pro-trade Liberals (the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe) gai

ned seats. But the Liberals are now aligned with French President Emmanuel Macron’s En Ma

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administration escalating tariffs and Beijing retaliating.

It is important that we come to an agreement over time that addresses the problems that we have identified. And the sooner the better,” Allen said.

He said the council had opposed the use of tariffs from the very beginning and hop

ed a “mutually acceptable and supportive” agreement could be reached in the near term.

“But, currently, we are moving away from that agreement. We want to get back to moving toward a

n agreement so that our two economies can begin to interact with each other in a more normal manner,” he said.

Allen, who was in Lexington, Kentucky, last week for the Fifth US-China Governors Fo

rum, said he had spoken to a number of Chinese investors in Kentucky and throughout the United St

ates who are bringing jobs and opportunities that did not exist previously.

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