True, the first quarter of 2019 yielded better-than-expe

ted results. But the higher rate of FAI growth was to a large extent driven by a strong increase in investment in real estate, which is l

ikely to weaken sooner or later owing to the government’s commitment to cooling China’s “real-esta

te fever”. And, given the trade frictions with the US, China’s export performance for the rest of 2019 is highly uncertain.

To compensate for declining investment in real estate and weakening exports, China must maintain reasonable growth in inf

rastructure investment. To that end, the government should pursue higher spending (taking advantage of a strong fis

cal position), supported by accommodative monetary policy (amid very low inflation).

Fiscal and monetary expansion may be out of fashion among China’s mainstream economists, who insist that struct

ural adjustment must be the priority. But it could go a long way toward bolstering China’s economic per

formance in 2019, without impeding structural reform. The challenge is to strike the right balance.

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We should extract the essence of Chinese traditional cult

ulture, which has contemporary value and relevance to the modern world, and show it. In this way we can on the one hand

tell the world how and why China is what it is, and on the other have Chinese and other civilizations create benefits for mankind.

It is hoped that the Conference on Dialogue of A

he measures that President Xi Jinping recently proposed to encourage foreign investment and further

opening-up in China are welcome developments that address the international community’s concerns, according to experts.

“The promises made are very positive, and all of them are helpful,” William Overholt, senior

research fellow at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, said of Xi’s keynote speech at t

he opening of the Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing.

Xi brought up a series of reform and opening-up measures, including expanding market access for foreign invest

ment in more areas and working harder to ensure the implementation of opening-up policies.

sian Civilizations will make fresh contributions to the construction of the community of shared future for mankind.

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The first draft also improved rules on developing a m

ulti-layer capital market system, strengthening investor p

rotection, promoting securities industry innovations and enhancing regulation.

New revisions were submitted for a second reading in April 2017 to

improve regulation on such areas as stock trading, acquisitions of listed firms, information disclos

ure and investor protection. The second draft also demanded the State Council to gradually advance the IPO syst

em reform in accordance with authorization granted by the top legislature.

Note: The following article is taken from the Chinese-language “Commentaries on International Affairs”.

On Thursday, the World Trade Organization (WTO) release

d a panel report on the case the United States lodged in December 2016 against China for its

use of tariff-rate quotas for wheat, rice, and corn. The WTO panel ruled that China’s administration of tariff-rate quo

tas violated its commitment to administer them transparently, while rejecting

the appeal by the American side which demanded that China release the information on tariff-rate quotas.

www.exdkjp.cn

The eastern area and central China region are accele

rating the push for economic upgrading, which offers strong impetus for the growth. Despite the pressure, we still can see gr

owth momentum,” Zhang said during a macroeconomic seminar earlier this month in Beijing.

“Recently, the government has introduced a series of su

pportive policies which will gradually help grow the real economy,” Zhang added.

NDRC said a further 3.24 million new urban jobs were added in t

he first quarter, with surveyed unemployment ra

te remaining at a comparatively low level of 5.2 percent in March. And consu

mer prices registered a moderate rise of 1.8 percent in the first three months of this year.

A basic equilibrium in the balance of payments was maintai

ned, and China’s foreign exchange reserves exceeded $3 trillion, Yuan added.

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Zheng Nanning, a researcher at the Chinese Academ

 of Engineering and head of the innovation research academy of intelligent robotics at Xi’an Jiaotong Univer

sity, said the university began considering an undergraduate AI major in 2016, and it has since established an experi

mental undergraduate AI class in 2018 with 55 students taught by the country’s leading AI experts.

The university established the academy in October 2017 and an AI school in Janua

ry. The academy has 26 master’s candidates and eight doctoral candidates, Zheng said.

“Universities should aim for major breakthroughs in basic res

earch and core technology. We are still striving to achieve

revolutionary and disruptive changes in AI theories, methods, tools and systems,” he added.

The ministry issued an action plan in 2018 to promote AI educa

tion in universities. According to the plan, universities in China will improve AI discip

line and make breakthroughs in basic theories and key technology research by 2020.

Chinese universities will become core forces for building major global AI innovation centers by 2030.

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Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, which leads the

 country in very-long-baseline interferometry, the technique the telescope array used for

the black hole image, took the lead in organizing and coordinating Chinese researchers particip

ation in the EHT observations and studies, Shen said. That allowed Shanghai to b

e one of the six cities worldwide involved in the simultaneous news conferences on Wednesday.

No Chinese telescope-including the Five-hundred-meter Ape

rture Spherical Telescope, the world’s largest filled-apertur

e radio telescope, in Guizhou province-was involved in the EHT observations.

Yuan Yefei, a professor in the University of Science and Technology of Chi

na’s astronomy department, also an EHT team member, said the Guizhou telesco

pe did not take part mainly because its wavelength band was not what EHT needed for this observation.

www.xujiaqing.net.cn

Four-day May Day holiday offers best of both the worlds

Editor’s Note: The May Day holiday this year would be extended to four days. When Premier Li Keqiang was asked at a news con

ference during the recent second session of the 13th National People’s Congress whether China would res

ume the May Day golden week holiday, he said relevant departments were studying the issue and would serio

usly consider the public’s opinions before making a decision. What effects will a four-day holiday have on the people and

the economy? Two experts share their views on the issue with China Daily’s Liu Jianna. Excerpts follow:

Holiday answers people‘s appeals

The four-day holiday will, to a large extent, meet Chinese people’s require

ments for a better life, including the growing desire to enjoy quality longer vacations both at home and abroad.

There have been calls for longer holidays ever since the May Day golden

week holiday was reduced to three days. And the extension of the May Day holiday to four

days this year suggests the government has been taking public opinions into serious consideration.

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Yorobe said on-site studies have shown that the vari

ieties introduced to the Philippines through the Green Super Rice project are capable of thriving in harsh environments and maintaining steady yields.

“After Typhoon Haiyan swept through Leyte Island in the central Phi

lippines in November 2013, we found that the Green Super Rice variety was one of the few that w

as still growing when submerged in saline water,” he said. “Local farmers were elated and regained hope.”

In West Africa, six Green Super Rice varieties with high-yield potential and strong tolerance to drought, salinity and iron to

xicity have been developed, and about 14.5 metric tons of such seeds were distributed to local rice breeders, ac

cording to Baboucarr Manneh, a researcher with the African Rice Center in Cote d’Ivoire.

“Moreover, about 500 scientists, technicians and farmers hav

e been trained in fields such as breeding, seed production and crop management th

rough the project. The training helps increase their capability and achieve sustainable growth in the future,” he said.

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he introduced measure is to “offer convenience for the pub

and greatly improve our work efficiency”, according to a released statement at a news conference held by the administration on Tuesday.

In the past, the residents in Chinese mainland could only apply for permits in their house

hold registration places with relevant documents, including identification card, hukou and application form.

National Immigration Administration holds a press conference on March 26, 2019.

Under the new measure, the residents will provide the same documents to apply for th

e passports and travel permits in their nearby exit and entry management departments, it said.

With the rapid development of China’s economy and society, a growing

number of people have been living, stuadying and working away from their hometown, and th

ere has been a strong demand for them to apply for the passports or travel permits in different places.

Data provided by the National Immigration Administra

tion show, this year, an estimated 21 million people will apply for passports and travel permits in di

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If the US Congress continues to send the wrong signals

to the “pro-independence” DPP, it will embolden the Tsai authorities to take more risky acti

ons, and thus damage cross-Straits ties further, harming the interests of Beijing and Washington both.

US Congress members are elected by American voters as their representatives and, ther

efore, they should always put the interests of their people and country first. And instigating the Tsai authorities to fu

rther damage cross-Straits ties certainly doesn’t serve the interest of either American voters or the US as a country.

The author is a professor at the Institute of Taiwan Studies, Beijing Union University. The views don’t necessarily repre

sent those of China Daily.President Xi Jinping and Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte (both seated), witness the

signing of a memorandum of understanding on joint construction of the Belt and Road between He Lifeng, head of the N

ational Development and Reform Commission, and Luigi Di Maio, Italian deputy prime minister, in Rome on Saturd

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